Wah Wah Mods

The mods on this page are primarily concerned with the Dunlop Crybaby and Vox V847 wahs, but they can be applied to most wahs which have an inductor. For an in-depth examination of the Vox wah circuit, vist RG Keen’s Geofex site and read The Technology of Wah Pedals.

Mods to PCB

These mods are all fairly cheap to do and they’re reversible, so it’s not the end of the world if you don’t like the results. Refer to the photos below if you’re not sure which parts to change.

“Vocal Mod”

Replace the 33K resistor in parallel with the inductor with a 68K. This gives a more vocal quality to the wah. Some Vox Clyde McCoy wahs had 100K resistors here.

Gain and Bass Response

Replace the 470 ohm resistor (some have 390 or 510) at the emitter of Q1 with a lower value. This increases gain, which is useful if you’ve converted to true bypass. The bass response is also increased. Too low a value here may introduce some distortion and make the wah sound muddy. Try 270 – 330 ohms to start with.

Midrange

Replace the 1K5 resistor between the base of Q1 and the inductor with a larger value. This increases the midrange and helps if your wah sounds dull and muted when you rock the pedal back. Try 1K8 to 2K7. Higher values than stock also smooth out the bass-treble transition. Most people refer to the 33K as the “Q” resistor, but this resistor also affects the Q.

Sweep Range

Change the sweep by swapping the 0.01µF cap between the emitter of Q2 and the inductor. A smaller value will make the wah sweep more trebly and vice-versa. If you’re converting to or from a bass wah, this is the one to change. Try 0.068µF for a bass wah.

Volume

If you’ve converted to true bypass, replace the 68K series input resistor with a lower value, say 47K. This gives a slight increase in volume. Too low a value is likely to result in the pedal picking up radio interference. This can be addressed by adding small value (10 – 20pF) capacitors between the collector and base of each transistor.

Reference Photos

Vox V847 (US). Dunlop Crybaby Rev. C & D are similar.

Vox V847

Dunlop Crybaby GCB-95 Rev. F & G.

Dunlop Crybaby

Pots

You can use any old pot, but cheap carbon pots will wear out in no time and standard log/lin resistance tapers aren’t ideal for use in a wah. Commercial wah pots have a kink in the taper, where the resistance suddenly shoots up within a small degree of rotation. This kink is the point where the bass-treble transition is most noticeable, and which makes the wah so expressive.

A standard log (audio) taper pot will produce a sweep which is mostly treble, unless you sacrifice the high frequencies to get some low end – a pedal with an extra long throw helps. A linear taper pot will sweep more quickly from treble to bass, but it’s a smooth sweep and not very expressive. For a “correct” Vox/Crybaby wah pot, there are a few options, but they are relatively expensive. The better ones are modelled on the resistance taper of the ICAR pots found in ’60s Vox wahs. I have my own ICAR type pots, which I use in my own wahs and also supply as a replacement part.

Colorsounds use a cranked linkage to get a non-linear sweep from a linear pot. I recommend Bourns conductive plastic pots for these. Unfortunately, they’re not available as a dual gang version for wah-swell pedals.

Wah-Volume pedal mod

Lifting the earth connection of the 4.7µF capacitor will cancel the wah effect and leave you with a volume pedal. The wah circuit will thin out the tone in volume mode – to get around this, the ’70s Jen Wah-Volume pedal switches in a 4K7 resistor and 0.22µF cap in series across the 0.01µF “sweep cap”. This isn’t a very useful mod in practice; if the pot is set to get a good wah sweep, it won’t go silent in volume mode, and if it’s set up to kill the volume, there won’t be enough treble in the wah.

Source: Wah-wah.co.uk

Convert Crybaby wah pedal to true bypass

Crybaby is known for sucking tone when bypassed. At a certain point, Dunlop added an input buffer to address the tone sucking issue.
Since I built a buffer pedal myself, I guess it’s time to remove the Crybaby input buffer and perhaps convert it to true bypass switching.  If you dare handling a soldering iron and burn your fingertips, then it’s quite an easy process.

You need to get yourself a DPDT or a 3PDT foot-switch, and some wire. The following instruction should be valid for Dunlop Crybaby GCB-95 rev F and later. The wah pedals pictured here are rev G (DPDT) and rev H (3PDT).

Crybaby Buffer
The components highlighted are the input buffer. You have to remove them. Yes, grab that solding iron and get rid of ’em. Much like in “Dead Poets Society” movie, when the students tear the first pages of their books apart.
PCB wiring
You need to pick up a new clean input signal from the jack and ground. You can use the holes left by the transistor and a resistor you previously removed, as shown above.

True bypass mod: DPDT switch and no LED

This is the easiest and reversible mod. Start by remove all the wires from the stock switch. For 3PDT and LED mod, scroll down.

true-bypass-crybaby-switch
How to wire the new DPDT footswitch
DPDT footswitch
Here is the new DPDT foot-switch installed.
PCB installed
Here is the PCB and DPDT switch wired and installed.

True bypass mod: 3PDT switch and LED

If you like, you can use a 3PDT footswitch and maybe add an LED to show when the pedal is engaged. This requires more work and you need to drill a hole in the metal case. Please notice that the case is a quite hard metal – at least for my HSS drill bits. I like to use a Dremel power tool with variable speed for these jobs.

You also need to get 9VDC from the PCB in order to power the LED. Not too complicated, see below for details.

9VDC power for Crybaby LED
You can “steal” 9VDC power for the LED by soldering a positive (red) and a negative (black) wire respectively to the resistor and diode located near the 9VDC plug on the PCB – lower right corner.

The LED needs a resistor. I used a 2,2K Ω value, but you can use anything between 1K and 10K. The lower the value, the brighter the LED (brightness may also vary from LED to LED).
Solder the resistor to the switch as shown below, then to the LED’s cathode (short leg). After that, solder the positive power wire coming from the PCB to the anode (long leg, also marked by the LED straight side). Then solder the negative power wire to the 3PDT switch as shown below.

Crybaby 3PDT wiring layout
Crybaby 3PDT wiring layout.
Crybaby 3PDT switch installed
Crybaby 3PDT switch installed. It is partly turned sideways to clear the pot flange.
3PDT crybaby with LED installed
3PDT crybaby with LED installed
Crybaby purple LED installed and turned on
Here is a cool, bright purple LED shining when the pedal is on.

Source: danieleturani.com

Stratocaster 2 pickups wiring

Here is a wiring scheme for a stratocaster. This wiring scheme let’s you control all the pickups. This way you will have tone control for the neck pickup and a tone control for the bridge pickup. When in the middle position you can control the overall tone with the tone pot 1(neck). Tone pot 2 is only for the bridge pickup.

In this scheme i used:
3x CTS 500K audio taper pots
2x Mallory 150’s .047µf capacitors
1x Treble bleed (for volume pot)
1x 3-way OAK lever switch
2x P90 handwound(by request) pickups
Vintage cloth wiring